A complete eye examination by an optometrist includes more than just a sight test to assess your prescription for glasses or contact lenses.  There are many treatable eye conditions than can be detected with a complete eye examination.  A few are listed here.  If you have any questions or concerns, please call our office or visit the Alberta Association of Optometrists website. http://www.optometrists.ab.ca/

Nearsightedness or Myopia
This is a condition in which the patient sees close objects clearly but experiences blur in the distance.

Farsightedness or Hyperopia
This is a vision condition in which the patient sees clearly in the the distance but experiences blur seeing close objects.

Astigmatism
This is a condition that occurs when the front surface of the eye, or the cornea, is slightly irregular in shape.  This causes blur at every distance.

Presbyopia
This condition generally occurs when the lens of the eye loses it’s ability to bring close objects into focus.  It usually affects people in their early to mid forties and is a natural part of aging.

Lazy Eye or Amblyopia
This is a lack of development or the loss of development of vision in one eye.  It is often due to conditions such as crossed eyes or a large difference between the prescription in the right and left eye.

Strabismus or Crossed Eyes
When the eyes are not properly aligned with each other it is called strabismus.  One or both eyes may turn in or out or up or down.

Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a disease in which the fluid pressure in the eye increases and damages the optic nerve.  This condition can cause vision loss or even blindness.  It is often treated with prescription eye drops.

Cataracts
A cataract forms when the normally clear lens in the eye becomes cloudy.  This can cause blurry vision and distorted vision.

Conjunctivitis
When there is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the thin layer covering the surfaces of the inner eyeball and a portion of the front of the eyeball.  There are three main types of conjunctivitis: infectious (pink eye), allergic, and chemical.

Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that is caused by high levels of sugar in the blood. Diabetes wreaks havoc with the circulatory system potentially causing multiple problems. Those problems can include bleeding inside the eye. Significant bleeding inside the eyes may occur without the affected person noticing a problem. The health care system recognizes this risk and provides for increased coverage for eye examinations for diabetic patients. If you are diabetic, you should have a complete eye examination at least once a year. Some uncontrolled diabetics may need to be seen more often. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy helps to prevent severe consequences. We are happy to work alongside your medical doctor to manage you diabetic health.

Saskatchewan Health covers diabetics of any age once a year for regular eye health examination and a retinal examination. In Alberta, the provincial health care system will cover a dilated fundus exam yearly for diabetic patients.